The first written references about the use of the 'navigation needle' or compass by mediterranean mariners date to 12th century, but it is likely they were probably being used from earlier times.
This sophisticated -"lace" top- compass has a Compass Rose with 32 divisions which correspond with each of the 32 rhumbs (each equivalent to 11.25º) and it is provided with an external ring divided in 360 º.
Nautical Compass Lace
Height: 1.12 inches
Diameter: 2.48 inches